Jakarta, June 29th, 2022
The Future of Work & Education Task Force with Astra Polytechnic held a Hybrid webinar related to education and future job opportunities, Monday (27/6).
Taking the theme of Strengthening Link & Match Education and Industry Through Higher Vocational Education as a Solution for the Future of Work, this webinar discusses the close relationship between education and industry in responding to the challenges of future workers, especially vocational education.
competitiveness .The low quality of the workforce who has not been able to respond to the development of labor market needs is one of the causes of Indonesia's still lagging productivity andThis picture was revealed from the results of the IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking survey in 2021, which placed Indonesia at 37th place in the world out of a total of 64 countries.
The same thing was also revealed from research from the University of Indonesia and the Indonesia Labor Organization (ILO) related to the absorption of graduates from Vocational Training Centers (BLK) by the industrial world. It was found that the absorption of BLK graduates only reached 59.9 percent. This shows that the need for skilled, creative, innovative, adaptive, and digitally capable workforce has not been optimally met by BLK.
Chair of B20 Indonesia Shinta Kamdani said the discussion on what steps we should take to have quality human resources, especially in terms of education is the key to future jobs. We need to shift our focus from obtaining an education for the purpose of obtaining a degree to an education that produces practical skills for society and makes it grow amidst the dynamics of today's industry.
“Such education will enable people to think about, create and innovate the actions needed to move towards more prosperous and sustainable economic development. So it is important to rebuild technical and vocational education, because future work revolves around problem solving, which requires a lot of technical competence,” explained Shinta who is also CEO of Sintesa Group.
Shinta also said education is the key to getting a job, socio-economic progress and getting out of poverty. B20 Indonesia sees the connection that vocational higher education provides in relation to employment and economic development, especially digitalization which is currently changing everything and creating a new work landscape after the pandemic.
“The Future of Work & Education Taskforce B20 and KADIN Indonesia seek to close the gap in access to education, especially for women, by supporting government policies that encourage the vocational education and training system along with industry involvement to prepare the young generation and excellent Indonesian workforce, Shinta explained.
For that, according to Shinta, the Presidential Regulation (Perpres) of Indonesia. 68 of 2022 concerning Revitalization of Vocational Education and Training encouraging the involvement of industry elements is really emphasized to encourage the improvement of the quality of youth competencies and become a common guide and all parties need to work together to formulate effective strategies to deal with problems in this field.
Chair of The Future of Work & Education Taskforce B20 Indonesia Hamdhani D. Salim said his party was highlighting changes or transitions in green energy and technological disruption that will change the map of education and education in the future. Digitalization, currently driving the global digital economy, is one of the important focuses that the government wants to master and this is closely related to issues of education as well as forms of work in the future.
The problem lies in the disparity in digital infrastructure between developed and developing countries, including in terms of financing, company readiness, digital literacy, including access to knowledge or education. The pandemic and climate change are driving digitalization faster and driving the world of work towards the application of technology and a green economy.
“For this reason, the world of education must be sustainable and in line with the world of work in the future, one of which is through improving the quality of the education system, especially in the field of vocational and skill-based training such as digital learning. The government and the business world must manage this transition, see the implications and reorganize and re-manage the skills and expertise of human resources,” said Hamdhani, who is also Director of Astra and President Director of Astra Otoparts.
Three Task Force Recommendations
With this in mind, continued Hamdhani, The Future of Work & Education Taskforce B20 Indonesia formulated and recommended three main themes, firstly, sustainable job creation that encourages job creation after the pandemic and is in line with the employment sector that will exist in the future. Second, education and skills in accordance with the productivity of the world of work. This theme is to address the gap in HR skills with the world of work and industry and to encourage lifelong learning so that we can continue to improve the quality of life. Third, involvement and inclusion. This step aims to ensure that all communities are involved in joint recovery and growth efforts, without any discrimination after the pandemic. This includes the importance of finding common ground between the curriculum of educational institutions and the needs of the industrial world in the future.
“Green energy transition and technology adoption will bring new jobs in the future. Education must be able to meet the need for qualified and adaptive workers and human resources for this new job. We emphasize that the link and match, especially in the vocational field, is very important to answer this challenge," explained Hamdhani.
To ensure the involvement of industry in the development of human capital, the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Manpower are committed to promoting human resource development in order to meet the needs of the industrial sector. This will be supplied, among other things, from the results of vocational education and training activities. But of course the development of workforce competence requires an ecosystem of all policy makers.
There needs to be intense communication that provides an opportunity for industry to be able to contribute to the development of vocational skills. This includes compiling competency standardization, vocational training and quality apprenticeships, especially in industrial sectors that continue to grow and have the potential to absorb workers. The Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Manpower encourage the development of Industry 4.0 curriculum and learning modules.
Then, organizing competency-based industrial vocational education towards a dual system of vocational education and vocational education, as well as developing vocational education and polytechnics that link and match with industry, especially in the fields of internet, cloud computing, digital manufacturing, 3D printing, artificial intelligence and cyber security. , green energy.
Meanwhile, President Director of Komatsu Indonesia, Pratjojo Dewo Sridadi, said that aligning the curriculum of vocational institutions with the needs of the industrial world (DUDI) is important and beneficial. In addition, he also emphasized the role of industrial apprenticeship programs that will further enhance competence and smooth the transition from the world of training and education to the world of work.
Responding to the fulfillment of the needs of the industry that continues to grow, Pratjojo also said that link and match is the key to the success of vocational education. One of them is through synchronizing curriculum and teaching materials on campus according to industry needs. Practical practice and hands-on learning in the industrial world allow both students to have experience and understand real problems, while companies benefit from improvements.
“Through this program, educational institutions get many real case studies, while companies get workers who are responsive and understand industrial workflows, adaptive to technology. This also makes it a future goal, namely that workers can continue to develop themselves by learning throughout their lives and their experiences are recognized by formal education, "said Pratjojo.
In this side event, the Minister of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia, Nadiem Makarim, was represented by the Director of Vocational Higher Education, Beny Bandanadjaja; Secretary General of the Ministry of Manpower who is also Chair of the G20 Indonesia Employment Working Group Anwar Sanusi; Head of Standardization Agency and Industrial Services Policy of the Ministry of Industry, Doddy Rahadi; EURO-PROF President Urs Keller; National Coordinator of ESD–Indonesian Commission for UNESCO Ananto Kusuma Seta and Director of Astra Polytechnic Tony H. Silalahi.
This meeting was held with the support of PT Astra International Tbk, PT Bayan Resources Tbk, PT Indika Energy Tbk and Sinar Mas.